Having a Koi fish pond is a fantastic and great experience. It’s been known to reduce stress, anxiety and is an extremely enjoyable hobby. It will bring beauty to your yard for you, your loved ones and friends to enjoy. However it is a living and breathing entity so it does require some effort to keep it at its best.
We will talk about some helpful Koi fish care tips to keep it looking amazing and healthy!
Koi fish care and water quality is most important for your Koi fish pond. If you have bad water quality your Koi fish will suffer from it quickly. It can reduce red, white, black and other colors in your Koi fish. Lead to parasite outbreak quicker and can kill. Be sure to check your Koi fish pond water quality and adjust for any changing conditions that you might have!
Many people ask, what is the best way to have good water quality? There are many factors.
Test your water quality regularly to make sure that your water conditions are in the proper range.
Test Kits can be purchased at most places that sell fish
Good bacteria colonies needs to be in your pond to eat fish waste that the mechanical filtration system would never catch. Even with a crystal clear pond if you did not have good bacteria in your system, fish would suffer from high ammonia and nitrite levels leading to many health issues. You can let your pond achieve it naturally in which can take up to a year but most people use bacterial additives that speed up the process dramatically.
Over feeding can be a good way to make your fish larger quicker but it can also lead to horrible water quality. You need to have the proper filtration to counter act how much waste your Koi are putting out in your pond. I know it is almost impossible to not want to feed them constantly but too much food can lead to unhealthy water quality that will lead to unhealthy Koi. So try to keep it on schedule with the proper time of the year and temperature.
Filtration is going to be one your biggest concerns. Having the proper koi pond filter for the size of your pond and amount of Koi and other living animals you have in it is key to having good water quality. A good mechanical and biological filter working together is one of the best ways to ensure that your water quality is in the proper parameters. Most everyone will agree that there really is no such thing as to much filtration. The more the better! Having a mechanical and biological filter that is rated for well over the amount of water and Koi you have in your pond is in my opinion the best and easiest way to have great water quality and healthy fish.
Another must and more is better! Everything in your pond breaths oxygen, the Koi, good bacteria, plants and anything else you put into it. If your koi are near the surface or by a waterfall gasping for oxygen then you most likely do not have enough dissolved oxygen in the water. Dissolved oxygen is microscopic gaseous bubble that mix with water that aquatic life uses to breath. Important right? So the best way to get oxygen in the water is with an oxygen transfer. Bubblers and blowers do this by rising water from the bottom of the pond and allowing it to come in contact with air. Most people believe that it is the “bubbles” from aerators and blowers themselves that do this, in which is true but MOST of the dissolved oxygen comes from when water hits the surface of air and that is when oxygen is most absorbed. So having a good aerator or water pump that can push more water to the surface of your pond is going to put the most amount of dissolved oxygen into your water making EVERYTHING healthier.
The more Koi you have in an area of water the more waste the filter has to process. If your filter cannot process the amount of waste then the water quality of your pond is subject to decrease. You can counter act over stocking of Koi with having a larger filtration and aeration systems in your pond. Be careful though if you want your Koi to grow Huge “up to 40 inches” try not to over stock because fish naturally release GHI “Growth Hormone Inhibitors”. What is that? GHI is a hormone fish release naturally into water saying I take up this many gallons of space to grow larger! If you have too many Koi in a pond releasing too much GHI into the water then you can stunt their growth not allowing them to reach their potential full size. So if you want to have large Koi plan out how many Koi you can put into your pond at the size you want them to be at as an adult.
Temperature is also important in Koi fish care. More northern states don’t have as big of an issue with hot weather as southern states because Koi do enjoy cool to cold water.